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Optimizing Diabetes Care Through Physical Activity

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Let’s start by examining the impact of type 2 diabetes (T2D) on glucose (blood sugar) levels. Your cells can absorb blood sugar and use it as fuel because of the insulin your pancreas produces. When you have type 2 diabetes, your pancreas produces more insulin to compensate for your cells’ abnormal response to the hormone. This causes an increase in blood sugar, which can result in a diagnosis of T2D or prediabetes.

Thankfully, exercise can assist you in controlling the consequences of type 2 diabetes. For example,

  • Help cells respond to insulin – Increased insulin sensitivity enables cells to utilize the hormone more efficiently and reduce insulin resistance.
  • Lowers blood sugar level – A routine of exercise helps to lower blood sugar levels. 
  • Helps to maintain a healthy weight – You can prevent or reverse type 2 diabetes by healthily losing weight with moderate-to-intense exercise.
  • Reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease – Among other cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes raises your risk of heart attacks and strokes. Fortunately, these cardiovascular risk factors can be reduced by combining training with exercise.
  • Maintain muscle mass – You run the risk of not having enough strength and muscle mass if you have diabetes. You can preserve your muscle strength by engaging in regular physical activity. further improves joint and muscle function and fortifies bones.

How frequently should someone with type 2 diabetes exercise?

It is generally recommended that individuals with type 2 diabetes engage in strength and cardio training at least once a week. Aerobics and strength training can assist you in controlling your blood sugar. However, a mix of the two might work even better.

These recommendations state that you should strive for two or three strength training sessions and 150 minutes of aerobic exercise each week. To achieve these objectives, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) advises regular exercise. They advise against missing more than two days of exercise in a row if your schedule does not permit it.

Not all individuals with type 2 diabetes ought to adhere to these guidelines. For example, lifting weights or doing high-intensity aerobics may not be safe for you if you have medical conditions other than diabetes. As a result, it’s best to consult your doctor before starting any regimen.

The best exercises for diabetes patients are to maintain diabetes. A varied range of activities should be incorporated into a well-rounded fitness regimen. Your strength, flexibility, and level of fitness can all be maintained and increased with these activities.

Here are ten suggestions to get you going:

Walking – One of the best exercises to prevent diabetes is walking. It’s not necessary to work out on a treadmill by yourself in a drab building. Go outside instead. Look for a park nearby, or simply stroll along the road. For diabetics, a vigorous 30-minute walk is the ideal form of exercise. You can enjoy the fresh air and sights while walking. You are welcome to bring your friends along for the stroll.

Running – With the right instruction and your doctor’s blessing, you can progress from brisk walking to running. There is a lower chance of high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and high cholesterol when engaging in this faster-paced activity

Team sports – Playing team sports is the ideal way to meet your daily exercise goals without realizing it if you have diabetes. If you struggle to find the motivation to work out, try taking up a team sport like basketball, tennis, or football. These team sports are a great way to work up your heart. Kicking the ball back and forth between you and your friend will be an exercise without you even realizing it.

Weight training – Weights and other equipment are used in this type of strength training to increase or preserve muscle mass and strength. For those with type 2 diabetes, it may improve glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity.

Tai chi – Low-impact movements, breathing exercises, and meditation are all combined in tai chi. This age-old method enhances the range of motion, balance, and general health. Including it in your exercise regimen may also help to lower blood sugar.

Pilates – Pilates is another low-impact workout option, and it belongs on this list for good reason. It strengthens your core and enhances your balance and posture through breathing exercises and repetitive motions. According to a study, Pilates helped people with type 2 diabetes better regulate their blood sugar levels.

Dancing – One of the most entertaining forms of diabetes exercise is dancing. At a gym, you can enroll in Zumba or an aerobic dance class. Even Bollywood dancing is an option. Dancing is the best form of exercise to prevent diabetes if the moves are strenuous and make you perspire. Dancing is a great way to work out without having to leave your house. Online, there are numerous Zumba tutorials. All you have to do is get into your workout clothes at home and follow aerobic the video while dancing. You can get all the exercise you need for the day in just 20 to 30 minutes.

Water aerobics – There are several justifications for doing your exercise in the pool. Swimming and other water exercises are easy on the joints and can lower blood sugar. For those with type 2 diabetes, they may also improve heart health, strength, and general fitness.

Yoga – Due to its ability to reduce blood pressure, improve blood sugar regulation, elevate mood, and improve sleep quality, yoga is an excellent form of exercise for people with diabetes. Yoga is a great all-around workout that is perfect for days when you don’t feel like working out outside. If the people in your class are going through similar experiences as you, that will motivate you even more to sign up for a class.

Cycling – Cycling is a particularly beneficial form of exercise for people with diabetes, as many type 2 diabetics have stiff joints and arthritis. Cycling is a low-impact workout that eases joint pain and helps you reach your daily fitness objectives. Riding a bicycle is allowed in parks, on public roads, and in gyms

Swimming – The best kind of exercise for people with diabetes is swimming. When you exercise in the water, your heart rate stays elevated longer than when you work out on land. Swimming is another joint-friendly activity that tones your entire body and lowers blood sugar.

Jump rope – Even though it may not seem like an activity to prevent diabetes, the game we all enjoyed as kids can be a high-intensity, high-energy workout. In addition to increasing heart rate and burning calories, jumping rope also increases muscle and endurance. It’s also enjoyable. It lowers cholesterol and blood pressure and aids in blood sugar regulation for diabetics. You can jump rope with friends, indoors or out, and create your routine.

References

https://www.goodrx.com/conditions/diabetes/best-exercise-for-diabetes-blood-sugar-management-weight-loss
https://www.freestyle.abbott/in-en/discover/blog/best-exercise-for-diabetes.html
https://www.everydayhealth.com/type-2-diabetes/living-with/great-exercises-for-people-with-diabetes

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